What Gems Are Popular In Thailand?

By | October 9, 2023

Thailand, a country renowned for its vibrant culture and stunning landscapes, is also widely known as a treasure trove of exquisite gemstones. From the vibrant blue hues of sapphires to the fiery brilliance of rubies, Thailand boasts a rich diversity of popular gemstones that have captivated the hearts of jewelry enthusiasts worldwide. With a fascinating history rooted in gemstone mining and expertise in gem cutting, Thailand is a must-visit destination for anyone seeking to admire and acquire these precious gems. Steeped in tradition and cultural significance, the allure of Thai gemstones is sure to leave you mesmerized.

What Gems Are Popular In Thailand?

See the What Gems Are Popular In Thailand? in detail.

Burma Ruby

Burma Ruby Characteristics

Burma Ruby, also known as Burmese Ruby, is a coveted gemstone characterized by its vibrant red color. Known for its exceptional brilliance, these rubies are highly prized in the gemstone world. The magnificent color of Burma rubies is often described as “pigeon blood red,” which refers to its intense, vivid hue resembling the shade of fresh pigeon’s blood. This is what makes Burma Ruby truly unique and highly sought after.

The Origins of Burma Ruby

Burma Ruby derives its name from the country of its origin, Myanmar (formerly known as Burma). The mines of Myanmar were the primary source of these exquisite gemstones for many years. Burmese rubies have a long and illustrious history, dating back to ancient times. The Mogok region in Myanmar, known as the “Valley of Rubies,” is famous for producing some of the finest quality Burma Rubies in the world.

Famous Examples of Burma Ruby

One of the most famous examples of Burma Ruby is the “Sunrise Ruby.” This remarkable gemstone weighs 25.59 carats and boasts an exceptional purplish-red color. It is considered one of the most significant rubies ever discovered. Another notable Burmese ruby is the “Graff Ruby,” a 8.62-carat stone known for its intense red color and exceptional clarity. These famous gems showcase the unrivaled beauty and quality of Burma Ruby.

Blue Sapphire

Blue Sapphire Characteristics

Blue Sapphire is a gemstone renowned for its captivating blue color. It is known for its remarkable hardness, second only to diamonds, making it a durable and enduring gemstone. The blue hues of sapphires can range from deep navy blue to lighter shades of blue, captivating the beholder with its mesmerizing color and brilliance.

Quality Factors of Blue Sapphire

When evaluating the quality of Blue Sapphire, several factors come into play. The most important criterion is the color of the gemstone. The finest blue sapphires exhibit a strong, vibrant blue color with excellent saturation. Clarity is another significant factor, with the best sapphires being virtually free from visible inclusions. Additionally, a well-cut sapphire will enhance the stone’s overall beauty and brilliance, making it a coveted gem in the jewelry world.

Famous Examples of Blue Sapphire

The most renowned example of Blue Sapphire is the “Star of India,” a remarkable star sapphire weighing 563.35 carats. This magnificent gem showcases a rare phenomenon called asterism, where a star-shaped pattern appears when light reflects on the gem’s surface. Another famous blue sapphire is the “Logan Sapphire,” a stunning stone weighing an impressive 423 carats. These legendary sapphires highlight the exceptional allure and significance of this gemstone.

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Yellow Sapphire

Yellow Sapphire Characteristics

Yellow Sapphire, also known as Pukhraj, is a captivating gemstone celebrated for its sunny and vibrant yellow color. Like blue sapphires, yellow sapphires belong to the corundum mineral family, which contributes to its exceptional durability and brilliance. The golden hues of yellow sapphires exude warmth, vitality, and positive energy, making them highly popular among gemstone enthusiasts.

Quality Factors of Yellow Sapphire

When it comes to evaluating the quality of Yellow Sapphire, color is of utmost importance. The finest yellow sapphires exhibit a pure and vibrant yellow hue, free from any other undertones. Clarity is also a significant factor, with the best stones being eye-clean, devoid of visible inclusions. A well-cut yellow sapphire will enhance its brilliance and play of light, making it a mesmerizing gemstone to behold.

Famous Examples of Yellow Sapphire

One of the most famous yellow sapphires is the “Star of Bombay,” a stunning stone weighing 182 carats. This exceptional sapphire exhibits a beautiful star phenomenon, amplifying its allure and enchantment. Another notable yellow sapphire is the “Golden Jubilee Diamond,” which is the largest cut yellow diamond in the world, weighing a staggering 545.67 carats. These renowned examples exemplify the sheer beauty and significance of yellow sapphires.


Emerald Characteristics

Emeralds are renowned for their lush green color, which has been revered for centuries. The vibrant green hues of emeralds evoke feelings of nature and tranquility. Emeralds belong to the beryl mineral family, and their characteristic color comes from trace amounts of chromium and sometimes vanadium. These captivating gemstones are known for their exceptional transparency, making them even more desirable.

Quality Factors of Emeralds

Color plays a crucial role in determining the quality of emeralds. The finest emeralds exhibit a vivid and intense green color, without any visible undertones. Additionally, the clarity of emeralds is essential, with the highest-quality stones being virtually free from inclusions or imperfections. As emeralds are notoriously known for their natural inclusions, finding a clean and transparent emerald is considered extremely rare and valuable.

Famous Examples of Emeralds

One of the most famous emeralds is the “Mogul Emerald,” weighing an impressive 217.80 carats. This historic gemstone is known for its exceptional size and rich color. Another notable emerald is the “Chalk Emerald,” which features a remarkable 37.82-carat stone exhibiting a vibrant green hue and exceptional clarity. These famous emeralds showcase the majestic beauty and allure of this captivating gemstone.

What Gems Are Popular In Thailand?


Jadeite Characteristics

Jadeite is a gemstone highly regarded for its stunning green color and immense cultural significance. It is a type of jade and is considered one of the most precious gemstones in Asia. Jadeite is known for its exceptional hardness and durability, making it suitable for intricate carvings and jewelry.

Quality Factors of Jadeite

When evaluating the quality of jadeite, color is of paramount importance. The finest jadeite showcases an intense and vibrant green color, often described as “imperial green.” Additionally, texture plays a significant role, with the highest-quality stones exhibiting a smooth and even surface. The translucency of jadeite is another crucial factor, with the best stones displaying a high level of transparency.

Famous Examples of Jadeite

One of the most famous jadeite artifacts is the “Doubly Fortunate Necklace,” a piece adorned with 27 exceptional jadeite beads. This magnificent necklace symbolizes good luck, prosperity, and protection. Another notable jadeite is the “Hutton-Mdivani Necklace,” which showcases 27 jadeite beads along with diamonds and pearls. These famous jadeite examples highlight the cultural significance and beauty of this revered gemstone.


Garnet Characteristics

Garnet is a diverse gemstone family with a wide range of colors, although reddish hues are the most common and popular. The deep red color of garnets resembles the seeds of a pomegranate, which explains the gemstone’s name. However, garnets can also be found in green, yellow, orange, and other colors, making them versatile and captivating gemstones.

Quality Factors of Garnet

When assessing the quality of garnets, color is an essential criterion. The finest garnets exhibit an intense and vibrant hue, whether it is deep red or dazzling green. Clarity is another vital factor, with the highest-quality stones being transparent and free from visible inclusions. Additionally, a well-cut garnet will enhance its brilliance and display the gem’s natural fire and radiance.

Famous Examples of Garnet

While garnets may not have as many famous examples as other gemstones, they have their own distinct allure. The “Gruenther Garnet,” a 313-carat gemstone, is one notable example. This captivating garnet showcases a deep red color and exceptional clarity. Another well-known garnet is the “Bohemian Garnet Tiara,” a stunning piece of jewelry adorned with Bohemian garnets that has captivated many with its rich red hues. These famous garnets highlight the unique beauty and appeal of this gemstone family.


Spinel Characteristics

Spinel is a breathtaking gemstone available in a wide variety of colors, including red, pink, blue, purple, and black. The red spinels are particularly admired, often mistaken for rubies due to their similar appearance. Spinels are revered for their exceptional brilliance and durability, as they rank 8 on the Mohs scale of hardness.

Quality Factors of Spinel

When evaluating the quality of spinels, color is of utmost importance. The finest spinels exhibit a vibrant and vivid hue in their respective color range, whether it be fiery red, vibrant blue, or rich purple. Clarity is another significant factor, with high-quality spinels being transparent and eye-clean. Additionally, a well-cut spinel will enhance its brilliance and maximize its play of light, making it a truly captivating gemstone.

Famous Examples of Spinel

One famous spinel is the “Black Prince’s Ruby,” which is set in the British Imperial State Crown. This impressive gemstone, weighing 170 carats, is a perfect illustration of the beauty and allure of spinels. Another notable spinel is the “Samarian Spinel,” a captivating gemstone weighing 500 carats. These famous spinels highlight the exceptional charm and significance of this versatile gemstone.


Zircon Characteristics

Zircon is a gemstone renowned for its exceptional brilliance and wide range of colors, including blue, red, yellow, and green. Blue zircon is particularly popular due to its vibrant and captivating color resembling blue topaz or aquamarine. Despite its beauty, zircon may sometimes be confused with cubic zirconia, a synthetic gemstone.

Quality Factors of Zircon

Color is the most important criterion when evaluating the quality of zircon. The finest blue zircons exhibit a deep and vibrant blue hue, reminiscent of the sea or the azure sky. Clarity is another significant factor, with high-quality zircons being transparent and free from visible inclusions. A well-cut zircon will help maximize its brilliance and fire, enabling it to shine brightly in any jewelry piece.

Famous Examples of Zircon

One famous example of zircon is the “Timur Ruby,” a large gemstone weighing 352.50 carats. This stunning gem, although referred to as the “Timur Ruby,” is actually a red zircon. Another notable zircon is the “Star of Lanka,” which boasts a mesmerizing star phenomenon, adding to its allure and beauty. These famous zircons showcase the distinctive characteristics and remarkable charm of this gemstone.


Quartz Characteristics

Quartz is a versatile gemstone available in a multitude of colors and varieties, making it a popular choice among gemstone enthusiasts. One of the most famous varieties of quartz is amethyst, known for its stunning purple hues. Quartz is appreciated for its clarity, durability, and affordability, making it a beloved gemstone in the jewelry industry.

Quality Factors of Quartz

Color is important when assessing the quality of quartz. Each variety of quartz has its own unique color range and desirable features. For example, high-quality amethyst exhibits a rich purple color, while citrine boasts a warm yellowish-brown hue. Clarity is another crucial factor, with the best quartz gemstones being transparent and free from visible inclusions. Additionally, a well-cut quartz gemstone will enhance its brilliance and maximize its luster.

Famous Examples of Quartz

Quartz may not have as many famous examples as other gemstones, but its popularity and versatility make it highly cherished. The “Brazilian Princess” is an exceptional piece of jewelry adorned with a large amethyst quartz centerpiece, showcasing the gemstone’s royal purple color. Another notable quartz is the “Madagascar Blue Quartz,” a rare blue variety resembling blue topaz, exhibiting a captivating and serene color. These famous examples exemplify the wide array of colors and beauty found in quartz gemstones.


Tourmaline Characteristics

Tourmaline is a vibrant and versatile gemstone celebrated for its wide range of colors. From vivid greens and pinks to rich blues and reds, tourmaline captivates with its exceptional hues. This gemstone is known for its excellent transparency and brilliance, making it a highly desirable choice for jewelry enthusiasts.

Quality Factors of Tourmaline

Color is the most significant factor when assessing the quality of tourmaline. The finest tourmalines exhibit vibrant and saturated colors, whether it’s the vivid green of a chrome tourmaline or the mesmerizing pink of a rubellite tourmaline. Clarity is also important, with high-quality tourmalines being eye-clean and devoid of visible inclusions. The cut of a tourmaline gemstone plays a crucial role in enhancing its brilliance and ensuring maximum light reflection.

Famous Examples of Tourmaline

One of the most well-known tourmalines is the “Paraiba Tourmaline,” known for its vibrant neon blue or green color. This captivating gemstone, often referred to as the “electric stone,” has gained immense popularity due to its unique color and rarity. Another notable tourmaline is the “Watermelon Tourmaline,” which exhibits a combination of pink, green, and white colors, resembling the juicy fruit. These famous tourmalines showcase the remarkable diversity and beauty found within this gemstone family.

In conclusion, Thailand is a country renowned for its rich assortment of precious gemstones. From the captivating red hues of Burma Ruby and the mesmerizing blue of Sapphire to the sunny charm of Yellow Sapphire and the lush green of Emerald, Thailand offers a wide variety of stunning gemstones. Whether it’s the versatility of quartz, the captivating colors of spinel, or the vibrant allure of tourmaline, each gemstone holds its own unique characteristics and appeal. These famous examples of gemstones showcased in Thailand highlight the exceptional beauty and elegance found within these captivating treasures of the Earth.

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Author: marklsmithms1

Hi, I'm Mark, the author of Maura Gems and Jewellery. As a team of qualified gemmologists and goldsmiths, we bring you world-class jewellery at Bangkok prices. With offices in both Bangkok and the UK, we ethically source the finest gemstones directly, eliminating any middlemen. We offer a wide range of stunning ready-made jewellery items in our new online store, available for retail or wholesale. Additionally, we specialize in custom-made jewellery where we can bring any design to life. Whether you're a trade professional or an individual customer, we cater to all. Feel free to email me at mark@mauragemsandjewellery.com or call/WhatsApp me at 07470547636 or +66949355718. Discover our incredible collection by visiting our online store. I guarantee you'll love what you find there!

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