What Is The Process Of Making Jewellery Called?

By | April 3, 2024

What Is The Process Of Making Jewellery Called?

What Is The Process Of Making Jewellery Called? Have you ever wondered what the intricate and dazzling world of jewellery-making entails? If so, you’re in for a treat! In this article, we will explore the captivating process behind crafting exquisite jewellery pieces. From the initial design to the final polishing, you’ll discover the fascinating artistry and dedication that goes into creating those shimmering adornments we all love. So, sit back, relax, and prepare to be awestruck by the enchanting process of making jewellery! Making jewellery is a creative and intricate process that involves several steps. From designing the piece to assembling and adding decorative elements, each stage requires skill and attention to detail. In this article, we will explore the different stages of the process of making jewellery and provide a comprehensive overview of the process.

What Is The Process Of Making Jewellery Called?

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Designing is the first step in the process of making jewellery. It involves creating a visual representation of the piece, which will guide the rest of the production process. There are different tools and techniques used in the design stage, and two commonly used methods are sketching and computer-aided design (CAD).


Sketching is a traditional method of designing jewellery. It allows the designer to quickly explore different ideas and concepts on paper. Using pencils or markers, they can bring their vision to life by sketching the shape, details, and dimensions of the piece. Sketching is a flexible and accessible way to express creativity and visualize designs.

Computer-Aided Design (CAD)

With advancements in technology, many jewellers now use computer-aided design (CAD) software to create detailed and precise designs. CAD allows designers to create 3D models of their jewellery designs, providing a virtual representation of the final product. This technology enables designers to experiment with different shapes, sizes, and materials, and make adjustments before moving forward with manufacturing.

3D Modeling

In the design stage, 3D modeling plays a crucial role in bringing the jewellery design to life. Using CAD software or specialized 3D modeling programs, jewellers can create realistic and accurate models of their designs. These models can be viewed from different angles and provide a better understanding of how the finished piece will look. 3D modeling allows for more detailed and precise designs, making it easier to communicate ideas with clients and manufacturers.

Choosing Materials

Once the design is finalized, the next step is to choose the materials that will be used to create the jewellery. The selection of materials can greatly impact the final appearance, durability, and cost of the piece. There are various materials commonly used in the process of making jewellery, including precious metals, gemstones, beads, and pearls.

Precious Metals

precious metals such as gold, silver, and platinum are frequently used in the process of making jewellery. Each metal has its unique properties, colors, and characteristics, allowing for a wide range of design possibilities. The choice of metal depends on factors such as personal preference, budget, and desired aesthetic. Jewellery makers often work with metal suppliers to source high-quality materials for their creations.


Gemstones are another essential component of the process of making jewellery. They add color, sparkle, and a touch of luxury to the finished piece. Gemstones can be natural or synthetic, and they come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors. Popular gemstones used in jewellery making include diamonds, rubies, emeralds, and sapphires. Choosing the right gemstone involves considering factors such as cut, clarity, color, and carat weight.

Beads and Pearls

Beads and pearls are often used in the process of making jewellery to add texture, dimension, and variety to the design. Beads can be made from different materials such as glass, wood, metal, or plastic, and they come in various shapes and sizes. Pearls, on the other hand, are organic gems formed inside oysters or mollusks. They are prized for their lustrous appearance and are often used in elegant and classic jewellery designs.

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Casting is a manufacturing process that involves creating a metal piece by pouring molten metal into a mold. It allows jewellers to produce intricate and complex designs with precision and accuracy. Casting involves several steps, including creating a mold, injecting wax, and finally, casting the metal.

Creating a Mold

The first step in the casting process is creating a mold. A mold is a negative impression of the desired jewellery design, which will be used to shape the metal. There are different methods for creating molds, including the use of rubber molds, silicone molds, or investment molds. The choice of mold depends on factors such as the complexity of the design and the type of metal being used.

Injecting Wax

After the mold is prepared, the next step is injecting wax into the mold. This process is called wax injection and involves using a wax injector to fill the mold with liquid wax. The wax takes the shape of the mold and forms a replica of the desired design. Wax injection allows for the creation of intricate details and textures that will be present in the final metal piece.

Casting the Metal

Once the wax model is ready, it is time to cast the metal. Casting involves melting the desired metal alloy and pouring it into the prepared mold. The molten metal fills the void left by the wax and takes the shape of the jewelry design. After the metal cools and solidifies, the mold is removed, revealing the metal piece. This process requires skill and precision to ensure that the metal is cast without any defects or impurities.


Soldering is a technique used in the process of making jewellery to join metal parts together. It involves melting a lower melting point metal alloy, called solder, to create a strong and permanent bond between the metal pieces. Soldering requires careful preparation, the use of flux, and the application of heat to achieve a successful soldered joint.

Preparing the Metal

Before soldering, the metal surfaces that will be joined need to be prepared. This involves cleaning the surfaces to remove any dirt, grease, or oxidation that could prevent a proper bond. Metal files, emery paper, or acids can be used to clean the metal surfaces and ensure a clean and tight soldered joint.

Applying Flux

Flux is a substance that helps to clean and protect the metal during soldering. It prevents oxidation and helps the solder to flow smoothly and evenly. Flux is applied to the metal surfaces that will be joined before heat is applied. It is important to choose the right type of flux for the specific metals being soldered to ensure a successful soldered joint.

Soldering the Parts

Once the metal surfaces are prepared and the flux is applied, it is time to solder the parts together. This is done by applying heat to the metal until the solder melts and flows into the joint. Different soldering techniques can be used, such as using a torch, soldering iron, or laser welding machine, depending on the specific requirements of the jewellery design. It is essential to control the temperature and timing to avoid damaging the metal or creating weak joints.

What Is The Process Of Making Jewellery Called?

Setting Gemstones

Setting gemstones is a crucial step in the process of making jewellery that adds beauty and value to the piece. There are different techniques used to set gemstones securely while showcasing their brilliance and enhancing the overall design. Some popular gemstone setting techniques include prong setting, bezel setting, and pave setting.

Prong Setting

Prong setting is one of the most common and classic techniques used to set gemstones. It involves using metal prongs or claws to hold the gemstone in place. The prongs are carefully shaped and positioned to ensure a secure grip on the gemstone while allowing maximum light exposure. Prong settings are especially popular for solitaire rings and earrings, as they highlight the beauty and brilliance of the gemstone.

Bezel Setting

Bezel setting involves creating a metal rim or frame around the gemstone. The metal is carefully shaped and manipulated to secure the gemstone in place. Bezel settings provide excellent protection for the gemstone and can be customized to create different design aesthetics. They are often used for cabochon gemstones or when a more modern and sleek look is desired.

Pave Setting

pave setting involves setting smaller gemstones closely together, creating a paved or paved-like surface. The gemstones are secured using small beads or prongs, and they can cover a significant portion of the jewellery piece, enhancing its sparkle and overall impact. Pave settings are commonly used in earrings, pendants, and halo-style rings, providing a luxurious and glamorous look.


Polishing is a crucial step in the process of making jewellery that gives the finished piece its final shine and luster. It involves smoothing the surface of the metal, removing any imperfections, and enhancing the overall appearance of the jewellery. Polishing is typically done in several stages, including filing and sanding, buffing, and vibratory tumbling.

Filing and Sanding

Filing and sanding are the initial stages of the polishing process. They involve using files, sandpaper, or abrasive materials to remove any rough edges, scratches, or imperfections from the metal surface. The jeweller carefully works on the piece, ensuring smooth curves, clean lines, and a flawless finish. This stage requires patience and attention to detail to achieve the desired result.


Buffing is the next stage in the polishing process and involves using a soft cloth or wheel with polishing compounds to create a smooth and shiny surface. The jeweller applies the polishing compound to the buffing wheel and carefully buffs the metal piece, removing any remaining scratches or imperfections. This stage adds brilliance and shine to the jewellery, giving it a high-quality and professional finish.

Vibratory Tumbling

Vibratory tumbling is a technique used to polish multiple pieces of jewellery simultaneously. The jewellery pieces are placed in a tumbler along with abrasive media and a polishing solution. The tumbler vibrates, causing the media to rub against the jewellery, gently removing any remaining imperfections and creating a smooth surface. Vibratory tumbling is an efficient and cost-effective method for polishing large quantities of jewellery.

What Is The Process Of Making Jewellery Called?

Applying Finishes

Applying finishes to jewellery adds texture, color, and uniqueness to the piece. Different finishes can completely transform the appearance of the jewellery and create various design effects. Some popular finishes used in the process of making jewellery include plating, enameling, and texturing.


Plating involves depositing a thin layer of metal onto the surface of the jewellery. Common plating materials include gold, silver, rhodium, and rose gold. Plating can change the color, brightness, and durability of the metal, providing a more luxurious or unique look. It can also enhance the longevity of the jewellery by providing a protective layer against tarnishing and wear.


Enameling is a decorative technique that involves fusing colored glass or powdered minerals onto the metal surface. The glass or minerals are heated and melted to create a smooth and glossy finish. Enameling adds vibrant colors and intricate patterns to the jewellery, creating a striking and visually appealing effect. It requires skill and precision to achieve the desired result, as the enameling process involves multiple firing stages.


Texturing involves manipulating the surface of the metal to create patterns, designs, or interesting textures. Various tools and techniques can be used to texture the metal, including hammering, etching, engraving, or using specialized texturing rolls. Texturing adds depth, visual interest, and a unique touch to the jewellery. It can be used to create a rustic, organic, or contemporary look, depending on the desired effect.

Adding Decorative Elements

Adding decorative elements to jewellery enhances the overall design and personalizes the piece. Decorative techniques such as filigree, granulation, and inlay can be used to create intricate and visually captivating details.


Filigree is a technique that involves creating delicate and intricate metalwork using fine wires or metal threads. The wires are shaped and twisted to form intricate patterns and designs, which are then soldered onto the jewellery piece. Filigree adds a touch of elegance, femininity, and vintage charm to the jewellery. It is commonly used in earrings, pendants, and bracelets to create timeless and romantic designs.


Granulation is a decorative technique that involves fusing small metal beads or granules onto the surface of the jewellery. The granules are carefully arranged and heated, causing them to bond with the metal piece. Granulation creates a textured and three-dimensional effect, adding depth and visual interest to the jewellery. It is often used in combination with other decorative techniques to create unique and intricate designs.


Inlay involves setting gemstones, enamel, or other materials into recessed areas of the jewellery. The recessed areas are carefully carved or formed, and the inlay materials are set into the cavities using techniques such as bezel setting or adhesive. Inlay creates a dramatic and eye-catching effect, allowing for the incorporation of different colors, textures, and materials into the jewellery design.

What Is The Process Of Making Jewellery Called?


Once all the individual components of the jewellery are ready, the next step is to assemble them together. Assembling involves attaching different parts, linking chains, and creating clasps to create a cohesive and wearable piece.

Attaching Components

Attaching components requires careful planning and precise execution. Whether it’s connecting chains, linking charms, or joining different elements, the jeweller needs to ensure that the connections are secure and durable. Techniques such as soldering, welding, or using findings and jump rings can be used to attach the components and create a unified piece.

Linking Chains

When creating necklaces or bracelets with chains, linking the chains together is an essential step. The jeweller carefully measures and cuts the chains to the desired length, ensuring symmetry and balance. The chains are then linked using various techniques, including jump rings, wire wrapping, or soldering. Linking chains correctly ensures that the piece is comfortable to wear and has a smooth and fluid movement.

Creating Clasps

Clasps are the closures used to secure necklaces, bracelets, or earrings. The type of clasp used depends on the design, functionality, and aesthetics of the jewellery piece. Jewellers can create their own clasps using wire, metal findings, or the same materials as the jewellery itself. Clasp design and construction are essential to ensure ease of use, security, and overall harmony with the rest of the piece.

Quality Control

Quality control is an integral part of the the process of making jewellery process. It involves inspecting the finished piece, testing its durability and functionality, and making any necessary adjustments to ensure that it meets the highest standards.


During the inspection stage, the jeweller thoroughly examines the finished jewellery piece, looking for any defects, imperfections, or inconsistencies. They check for proper alignment, symmetrical design, and overall workmanship. The jeweller assesses the quality of the materials used, the integrity of the soldered joints, the setting of gemstones, and the overall finish of the piece.


Testing is performed to assess the durability and functionality of the jewellery. This may involve subjecting the piece to various stress tests, such as tension, torque, or impact tests, to ensure that it can withstand everyday wear and tear. In addition, gemstones may be tested for authenticity, clarity, and color consistency using specialized equipment.


Based on the inspection and testing results, the jeweller may need to make adjustments or refinements to the jewellery piece. This can include resizing rings, adjusting clasps, polishing or repairing any surface imperfections, or addressing any issues identified during the quality control process. The goal is to ensure that the finished piece meets the highest quality standards and exceeds customer expectations.

In conclusion, the process of making jewellery is a complex and multi-faceted endeavor. From the initial design stage to the final quality control checks, each step requires skill, expertise, and attention to detail. By following the steps outlined in this article, jewellers can create beautiful, unique, and high-quality pieces that will be cherished and enjoyed for years to come.

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Author: marklsmithms1

Hi, I'm Mark, the author of Maura Gems and Jewellery. As a team of qualified gemmologists and goldsmiths, we bring you world-class jewellery at Bangkok prices. With offices in both Bangkok and the UK, we ethically source the finest gemstones directly, eliminating any middlemen. We offer a wide range of stunning ready-made jewellery items in our new online store, available for retail or wholesale. Additionally, we specialize in custom-made jewellery where we can bring any design to life. Whether you're a trade professional or an individual customer, we cater to all. Feel free to email me at mark@mauragemsandjewellery.com or call/WhatsApp me at 07470547636 or +66949355718. Discover our incredible collection by visiting our online store. I guarantee you'll love what you find there!

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